Use of Reinforcement and Punishment in Shaping a Child’s Behaviors

Use of Reinforcement and Punishment in Shaping a Child’s Behaviors

Reinforcement is a term in operant conditioning and behavior analysis for the delivery of a stimulus, (immediately or shortly) after a response, that results in an increase in the future rate or probability of that response .
The response strength is assessed by measuring frequency, duration, latency, accuracy, and/or persistence of the response after reinforcement stops. Experimental behavior analysts measured the of rate of behaviors as a primary demonstration of learning and performance with non-humans. For example, rate is measured as the number of times a pigeon pecks a key in a 10 minute session,

A reinforcer is the stimulus, event, or situation whose presentation is dependent upon a response.

Punishment is the practice of imposing something unpleasant or aversive on a person or animal or property, usually in response to disobedience, defiance, or behavior deemed morally wrong by individual, governmental, or religious principles.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org

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